Charter Health PC

Internal Medicine & Primary Care located in Salem, MA

Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a serious disease affecting millions of Americans. Poorly controlled diabetes leads to injury of the kidneys, heart, and nervous system, including the brain. It is crucial that diabetics manage their blood sugar to stay healthy. The experienced health care team at Charter Health PC in Lynn, Massachusetts, helps patients with education and treatment of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. To help you achieve your healthiest self, book your appointment online or by phone now.

Diabetes Q & A

What is type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is a disease in which your body doesn't produce the insulin necessary to regulate your blood sugar levels properly. Without insulin, your blood sugar stays elevated and eventually causes the harmful effects of diabetes such as nerve damage, vision problems, kidney damage, and more.

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in early childhood but is occasionally discovered in young adults as well. If you have type 1 diabetes, it's essential that you replace the missing insulin to be healthy. You can't prevent type 1 diabetes, but your Charter Health PC care provider is here to help you manage it.

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a disease that happens when you make insulin, but your body doesn't process it effectively. The result is high blood sugar and the damaging effects of diabetes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 90-95% of all diabetes sufferers in the United States have type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is very different from type 1 in a couple of ways. First, it’s preventable. If you make the right choices and get the support of your Charter Health PC team, it’s very possible to prevent prediabetes from becoming full-blown type 2 diabetes. There are also some significant differences in treatment approach, such as not necessarily requiring medication.

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a condition in which you have some symptoms of diabetes — namely, elevated blood sugar levels — but your blood sugar isn’t high enough for a diabetes diagnosis.

If you make the changes that your Charter Health PC care provider recommends now, you can improve your health and avoid diabetes.

What is the treatment for diabetes?

Treatment depends on the type and level of damage to your body. For type 1 diabetes, you need replacement insulin. The most common way to get insulin is daily self-administered injections. Another option is an insulin pump, a battery-powered medical device that delivers a consistent insulin dose directly into your body.

For some type 2 diabetes, careful dietary changes might be enough to regulate your blood sugar successfully. Many with type 2 diabetes need oral medications and some need insulin.

With both types 1 and 2 diabetes, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and maintaining a healthy weight are essential in managing the disease successfully.

Use the online scheduler or call Charter Health PC for diabetes help today.